A spontaneous mutation in MutL-Homolog 3 (HvMLH3) affects synapsis progression and crossover resolution in the barley desynaptic mutant des10

Isabelle Colas, Malcolm Macaulay, James D. Higgins, Dylan Phillips, Abdellah Barakate, Markus Posch, Sue Armstrong, F. Chris H. Franklin, Claire Halpin, Robert Waugh (Lead / Corresponding author), Luke Ramsay (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Although meiosis is evolutionarily conserved, many of the underlying mechanisms show species specific differences. These are poorly understood in large genome plant species such as barley (Hordeum vulgare) where meiotic recombination is very heavily skewed to the ends of chromosomes.

The characterisation of mutant lines can help elucidate how recombination is controlled. We used a combination of genetic segregation analysis, cytogenetics, immunocytology and 3D imaging to genetically map and characterize the barley meiotic mutant DESYNAPTIC 10 (des10).

We identified a natural exonic deletion in the ortholog of MutL-Homolog 3 (HvMlh3) as the causal lesion. Compared to wild-type, des10 mutants exhibit reduced recombination and fewer chiasmata, resulting in the loss of obligate crossovers and leading to chromosome mis-segregation. Using 3D-SIM, we observed that normal synapsis progression was also disrupted in des10, a phenotype that was not evident with standard confocal microscopy and that has not been reported with Mlh3 knock-39 out mutants in Arabidopsis.

Our data provide new insights on the interplay between synapsis and recombination in barley and highlight the need for detailed studies of meiosis in non-model species. This study also confirms the importance of early stages of prophase I for the control of recombination in large genome cereals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-707
Number of pages15
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume212
Issue number3
Early online date8 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

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    Colas, I., Macaulay, M., Higgins, J. D., Phillips, D., Barakate, A., Posch, M., Armstrong, S., Franklin, F. C. H., Halpin, C., Waugh, R., & Ramsay, L. (2016). A spontaneous mutation in MutL-Homolog 3 (HvMLH3) affects synapsis progression and crossover resolution in the barley desynaptic mutant des10. New Phytologist, 212(3), 693-707. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14061