A Statistical Comparison of EUV Brightenings Observed by SO/EUI with Simulated Brightenings in Non-potential Simulations

Krzysztof Barczynski (Lead / Corresponding author), Karen A. Meyer, Louise K. Harra, Duncan H. Mackay, Frédéric Auchère, David Berghmans

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The High Resolution Imager (HRI EUV) telescope of the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) instrument onboard Solar Orbiter has observed EUV brightenings, so-called campfires, as fine-scale structures at coronal temperatures. The goal of this paper is to compare the basic geometrical (size, orientation) and physical (intensity, lifetime) properties of the EUV brightenings with regions of energy dissipation in a nonpotential coronal magnetic-field simulation. In the simulation, HMI line-of-sight magnetograms are used as input to drive the evolution of solar coronal magnetic fields and energy dissipation. We applied an automatic EUV-brightening detection method to EUV images obtained on 30 May 2020 by the HRI EUV telescope. We applied the same detection method to the simulated energy dissipation maps from the nonpotential simulation to detect simulated brightenings. We detected EUV brightenings with a density of 1.41 × 10 − 3 brightenings/Mm 2 in the EUI observations and simulated brightenings between 2.76 × 10 − 2 – 4.14 × 10 − 2 brightenings/Mm 2 in the simulation, for the same time range. Although significantly more brightenings were produced in the simulations, the results show similar distributions of the key geometrical and physical properties of the observed and simulated brightenings. We conclude that the nonpotential simulation can successfully reproduce statistically the characteristic properties of the EUV brightenings (typically with more than 85% similarity); only the duration of the events is significantly different between observations and simulation. Further investigations based on high-cadence and high-resolution magnetograms from Solar Orbiter are under consideration to improve the agreement between observation and simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number141
Number of pages21
JournalSolar Physics
Issue number10
Early online date26 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • Corona, quiet
  • Observation
  • Simulation
  • EUV brightening


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