A survey of coronary risk factors and B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in cardiac nurses from Europe: do nurses still practice what they preach?

Tiny Jaarsma, Simon Stewart, Sabina De Geest, Bengt Fridlund, Johanna Heikkila, Jan Martensson, Philip Moons, Wilma Scholte op Reimer, Karen Smith, Anna Stromberg, David R. Thompson

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    Abstract

    Background: From a previous survey of cardiac nurses attending a scientific conference, we learned that these nurses adopted a healthier lifestyle than the general population. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the overall profile of cardiac risk factors in a similar cohort and determine whether cardiac nurses continue to ‘practice what they preach’ in this regard. Secondly, we examined the practical value of screening a large cohort of individuals within a short time frame (total of 8 hours screening time) and determined the range of BNP concentrations within a ‘healthy’ cohort. Methods: Data on CHD risk factors were collected with a short self-report questionnaire. The sample consisted of 122 cardiac nurses from 19 countries attending a European cardiac nursing conference held in Stockholm. A venous blood sample was collected into a tube containing potassium ETDA. B-type natriuretic peptide was measured on-site with the use of a portable fluorescence immunoassay kit. Results: Most participants were female (89%). Participants ranged in age from 23 to 60 years with a mean age of 41 (S.D. 9.4). Eleven percent – all female – reported they were current smokers, 27% (34) had a BMI >25 and 27% of the sample stated they did not exercise regularly. Almost half (48%) of the sample reported a family history of CHD. As expected, all BNP-values were within the normal range. There were significant differences in BNP on the basis of sex (P<0.05) and age (P<0.05) and a trend towards increasing BNP concentrations with progressively higher BMI scores (P=0.06). Conclusion: This study reconfirms the likelihood that many cardiac nurses heed their own advice on lifestyle modification to reduce cardiovascular risk and therefore provide a good role model for the promotion of primary and secondary prevention initiatives.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-6
    Number of pages4
    JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
    Volume3
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

    Keywords

    • B-type natriuretic peptide
    • Cardiovascular risk factors
    • Nurses

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    Jaarsma, T., Stewart, S., De Geest, S., Fridlund, B., Heikkila, J., Martensson, J., Moons, P., Scholte op Reimer, W., Smith, K., Stromberg, A., & Thompson, D. R. (2004). A survey of coronary risk factors and B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in cardiac nurses from Europe: do nurses still practice what they preach? European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 3(1), 3-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2004.01.005