A systematic review of drivers and interventions against sex work migration in Edo State, Nigeria

Prince Agwu, Uzoma Okoye, Prince Ekoh, Ngozi Chukwu, Chinyere Onalu, Ijeoma Igwe, Paul Onuh, Gift Amadi, George Nche

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose

    Sex work migration involves a huge number of females from Nigeria, and has attracted concerns within and across the country. To add to ongoing conversations about responsible migration, our review underscores the prevalence of sex work migration in Edo State, Nigeria, the drivers and interventions. 

    Design/methodology/approach

    The review adopted exhaustive search terms coined with the aid of “Boolean Operators”. Search terms were entered into several search engines and databases to elicit peer-reviewed and grey literature within sex work migration and human trafficking for commercial sex. An output of 578 studies was recorded with 76 (43 academic papers and 33 grey literature) meeting the inclusion criteria. 

    Findings

    The study acknowledged wide-spread prevalence of sex work migration involving Nigerian females who are largely from Edo State. It achieved a prioritization of the factors that drive sex work migration based on how frequent they were mentioned in reviewed literature: economic (64.4%), cultural (46%), educational (20%), globalization (14.5%) and political factors (13.2%). Several interventions were highlighted together with their several limitations which include funding, absence of grass-roots engagement, dearth of appropriate professionals, corruption, weak political will, among others. A combination of domestic and international interventions was encouraged, and social workers were found to be needful.

    Originality/value

    Our systematic review is the first on this subject, as none was found throughout our search. It seeks to inform policy measures and programmes, as well as horizontal efforts poised to tackle the rising figures of sex work migrants and attendant consequences in Nigeria.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)733-764
    Number of pages32
    JournalInternational Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
    Volume40
    Issue number7-8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2020

    Keywords

    • Edo State
    • Migration
    • Prostitution
    • Sex work
    • Sex work migration
    • Social work

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