A Systematic review of the efficacy of early initiation of speech therapy and its positive impact on autism spectrum disorder

Hafsa A. Osman, Merna Haridi, Natalie A. Gonzalez, Sana M. Dayo, Umaima Fatima, Aaiyat Sheikh, Chaitanya S Puvvada, Faiza H. Soomro, Safeera Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition that consists predominantly of an apparent early delay in communication and social skills. Among the multiple identified etiologies, genetics play a key role. The implementation of early interventional therapy for children with ASD is starting to show promising results. A few medical databases were used to collect multiple published types of research, which were thoroughly screened. Ultimately, a small amount was selected according to the defined eligibility criteria. The 12 articles that were reviewed involved a more significant number of boys than girls, and most clinical trials displayed the importance of starting early therapy. Astonishingly, the overwhelming effects of the COVID-19 pandemic did not affect the continuation of speech therapy in certain areas. In addition, studies emphasize knowledge scarcity, insufficient resources in certain areas, and the demand to educate the community. Conversely, no difference in the level of severity was noted with the implementation of early therapy. Early therapy, chiefly speech therapy used to treat children with ASD, demonstrated favorable outcomes. Communities require awareness about the condition on a broader scale to educate caregivers on early alarming symptoms. All in all, additional exploration needs to be done.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere35930
Number of pages7
JournalCureus
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • early intervention
  • autism spectrum disorder (asd)
  • language and social skills
  • language disorder
  • speech therapy

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