A Systematic Review of Theoretical Foundations for Pedagogical Strategies to Promote Positive Behavior

Mohd Mahzan Awang, Divya Jindal-Snape, Terry Barber

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This study analysed the theoretical foundations utilised by past empirical research in order to understand the pedagogical strategies used in schools for promoting positive behaviour. The analyses also include how pedagogical theories underpinned past research on positive behaviour enhancement. Samples for this study were academic papers obtained from four main databases: the Australian Education Index, British Education Index, ERIC (Educational Research Information Centre) and Scopus. By using a systematic review technique, a total number of 143 papers were found to be relevant for further analysis. Results revealed that four theoretical models dominate the studies examined, namely Applied Behavioural Analysis, Social Capital theory, Culturally Responsive Classroom Management, and Ecological Systems theory. This study recommends understanding of those theories is important in designing modules for positive behaviour enhancement in schools.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-143
Number of pages11
JournalNew Educational Review
Publication statusPublished - 2019



  • positive behaviour enhancement
  • pedagogical strategies
  • systematic review
  • theories

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