A Theoretical Model of Intergenerational Tutoring

Keith Topping (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents a psychological model of intergenerational tutoring, which applies to both helpers and those who are helped. It shows how fully formed intergenerational tutoring can operate, and can thus identify gaps. These gaps can be addressed and some filled by learning partners, perhaps with help from professionals or more experienced partners. Sixteen elements are identified, the first two in sequence, then five with equal weight, then nine in sequence. The model is a template for monitoring intergenerational interactions as they are happening. It also forms a tool for self-assessment/peer assessment. Additionally, it may help in designing intergenerational tutoring.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-105
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Intergenerational Relationships
Issue number1
Early online date29 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2019


  • Intergenerational learning
  • intergenerational tutoring
  • theory
  • model
  • self-assessment
  • monitoring

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