ACCRETION IN EVOLVED AND TRANSITIONAL DISKS IN CEP OB2: LOOKING FOR THE ORIGIN OF THE INNER HOLES

Aurora Sicilia-Aguilar (Lead / Corresponding author), Thomas Henning, Lee W. Hartmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present accretion rates for a large number of solar-type stars in the Cep OB2 region, based on U-band observations. Our study comprises 95 members of the similar to 4 Myr old cluster Tr 37 (including 20 "transition" objects (TOs)), as well as the only classical T Tauri star (CTTS) in the similar to 12 Myr old cluster NGC 7160. The stars show different disk morphologies, with the majority of them having evolved and flattened disks. The typical accretion rates are about 1 order of magnitude lower than in regions aged 1-2 Myr, and we find no strong correlation between disk morphology and accretion rates. Although half of the TOs are not accreting, the median accretion rates of normal CTTS and accreting "transition" disks are similar (similar to 3 x 10(-9) and 2 x 10(-9) M(circle dot) yr(-1), respectively). Comparison with other regions suggests that the TOs observed at different ages do not necessarily represent the same type of objects, which is consistent with the fact that the different processes that can lead to reduced IR excess/inner disk clearing (e.g., binarity, dust coagulation/settling, photoevaporation, giant planet formation) do not operate on the same timescales. Accreting TOs in Tr 37 are probably suffering strong dust coagulation/settling. Regarding the equally large number of non-accreting TOs in the region, other processes, such as photoevaporation, the presence of stellar/substellar companions, and/or giant planet formation, may account for their "transitional" spectral energy distributions and negligible accretion rates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-612
Number of pages16
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume710
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2010

Keywords

  • accretion, accretion disks protoplanetary disks stars: pre-main sequence T-TAURI STARS ORION-NEBULA CLUSTER LOW-MASS STARS SPECTRAL ENERGY-DISTRIBUTIONS CO FUNDAMENTAL EMISSION GIANT PLANET FORMATION MAIN-SEQUENCE STARS X-RAY-RADIATION CIRCUMSTELLAR DISKS

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