Accuracy of both virtual and printed 3-dimensional models for volumetric measurement of alveolar clefts prior to alveolar bone grafting compared to a validated algorithm: a preliminary investigation

C. P. Kasaven, Grant McIntyre (Lead / Corresponding author), Peter Mossey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the accuracy of virtual 3D and 3D printed models derived from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans for volumetric measurement of alveolar clefts prior to bone grafting
Design: Cohort study
Setting: University dental hospital
Participants: Fifteen subjects with unilateral cleft lip and palate
Methods: Subjects had i-CAT CBCT scans recorded at 0.2mm voxel and sectioned transversely into 0.2mm slices using i-CAT Vision (Imaging Sciences International, Hatfield, Pennsylvania).
Main outcome measures: Alveolar cleft volumes were calculated using: (1) validated algorithm (MATLAB, The Mathworks Inc, Natwik, Massachusetts), (2) commercially available virtual 3D model software (Volume Graphics Studio Max 2.2 (VGSM), Volume Graphics, Heidelberg, Germany) and (3) 3D printed models, which were micro-CT scanned and analyzed using VGSM. For inter-observer reliability, a two-way mixed model intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) evaluated the reproducibility of identifying the cranial and caudal limits of the clefts between three observers. A Friedman Test (p<0.05) determined differences between the volume methods (SPSS Statistics 19.0, IBM Corporation, New York).
Results: Inter-observer reliability was almost perfect (ICC = 0.987). There were no significant differences between the three methods (p>0.05) although virtual 3D models were the most precise with the smallest standard deviations and confidence intervals.
Conclusion: In this preliminary investigation, virtual 3D and 3D printed models were as precise as the validated computer algorithm for calculating alveolar cleft volumes prior to bone grafting but virtual 3D models were the most accurate and subject to further investigation could be a useful adjunct in clinical practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-36
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume55
Issue number1
Early online date5 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

Keywords

  • bone grafting
  • 3D
  • CAD-CAM models
  • micro-CT
  • volumetric assessment

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