Background: The coexistence of a stable femoral and a loose acetabular component may pose a clinical dilemma for the surgeon. Our study aims at comparing the intermediate functional outcomes and survivorship of acetabulum-only revision total hip arthroplasty (ArTHA) with an age-matched and gender-matched total revision THA (TrTHA) group.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data on the pain, function, and total Harris Hip Scores (HHS) and complication profile for ArTHA and TrTHA cohorts from our regional arthroplasty database. Kaplan-Meier survivorship, with the need for repeat revision surgery as the end point, was used for survival analysis.
Results: Among 538 cases, there were fewer acute medical complications in ArTHA and a similar dislocation rate for both cohorts. Preoperative HHS for pain, function, and total were better in the ArTHA cohort, but only the function score reached statistical significance. No significant differences in subsequent years for all aspects of HHS, except the function score was significantly better in the ArTHA cohort at year 1. And 10.0% of ArTHAs and 7.8% of TrTHAs had required rerevision. The 5-year survivorship was 90.3% (95% confidence interval ± 2.1%) for the ArTHA cohort and 92.7% (95% confidence interval ± 1.8%) for the TrTHA cohort (P = .394). The ArTHA with posterior approach (n = 118) group had the lowest dislocation rate and the best trend of functional outcomes.
Conclusion: ArTHA can provide similar functional outcomes and dislocation rate to TrTHA, with an acceptable rerevision rate. The posterior approach in this study was not associated with a significant dislocation rate.
- Journal article
- Revision arthroplasty
- Functional outcomes