ADHD symptoms in children aged 5 to 15 years in Zhabei District, Shanghai

Wen Lan Jin, Gai Zhi Li, Ya Song Du (Lead / Corresponding author), David Coghill, Shun Au, Xiang Yang Zhong

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    Background and Objectives: The prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its related factors remains unclear in Shanghai. The aim of this study was to investigate the positive rates of ADHD symptoms and the associated factors in a sample of children aged 5 to 15 years in Zhabei District, Shanghai. 

    Methods: The participants were selected by cluster-stratified sampling of the general information and responses gathered from questionnaires on ADHD symptoms. The questionnaires examined summed up to 9,627. The positive rates of inattention and hyperactivity- impulsivity symptoms and the socio-demographic factors were compared. 

    Results: The positive rates of most ADHD symptoms decreased with age. Children between 5 and 7 years and between 7 and 9 years exhibited the highest ADHD positive rates. Boys showed a higher positive rate of ADHD symptoms compared to girls. Children who were local residents showed a higher rate than nonlocal residents and those of other nationalities. This might be related to the integration of immigrants and those belonging to lower socioeconomic classes. The positive rates of ADHD symptoms decreased with the educational level of the parents, while the parents’ level of education was associated with the severity of the ADHD symptoms. Problems of inattention were more common than problems of hyperactivity, as indicated by the positive rates.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)173-182
    Number of pages10
    JournalEuropean Journal of Psychiatry
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016


    • ADHD
    • Children
    • Symptoms


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