Adolescent self-control predicts midlife hallucinatory experiences: 40-year follow-up of a national birth cohort

Atsushi Nishida (Lead / Corresponding author), Kate Man Xu, Tim Croudace, Peter B. Jones, Jenifer Barnett, Marcus Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Associations between self-control in adolescence and adult mental health are unclear in the general population; to our knowledge, no study has investigated self-control in relation to psychotic-like symptoms. Aims: To investigate the relationship between adolescent self-control and the midlife mental health outcomes of anxiety and depression symptoms and psychotic-like experiences (PLEs), controlling for the effect of adolescent conduct and emotional problems and for parental occupational social class and childhood cognition. Methods: A population-based sample, the MRC National Survey of Health and Development (the British 1946 birth cohort) was contacted 23 times between ages 6 weeks and 53 years. Teachers completed rating scales to assess emotional adjustment and behaviors, from which factors measuring self-control, behavioral, and emotional problems were extracted. At age 53 years, PLEs were self-reported by 2918 participants using 4 items from the Psychosis Screening Questionnaire; symptoms of anxiety and depression were assessed using the scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Results: After adjustment for the above covariates, poor adolescent self-control was associated with the presence of PLEs in adulthood, specifically hallucinatory experiences at age 53 years, even after adjustment for GHQ-28 scores. Conclusions: Lower self-control in adolescence is a risk factor for hallucinatory experiences in adulthood.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1551
Number of pages9
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Volume40
Issue number6
Early online date8 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

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Mental Health
Anxiety
Depression
Health Surveys
Social Class
Psychotic Disorders
Cognition
Population
Self-Control
Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

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Nishida, Atsushi ; Xu, Kate Man ; Croudace, Tim ; Jones, Peter B. ; Barnett, Jenifer ; Richards, Marcus. / Adolescent self-control predicts midlife hallucinatory experiences : 40-year follow-up of a national birth cohort. In: Schizophrenia Bulletin. 2014 ; Vol. 40, No. 6. pp. 1543-1551.
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Adolescent self-control predicts midlife hallucinatory experiences : 40-year follow-up of a national birth cohort. / Nishida, Atsushi (Lead / Corresponding author); Xu, Kate Man; Croudace, Tim; Jones, Peter B.; Barnett, Jenifer; Richards, Marcus.

In: Schizophrenia Bulletin, Vol. 40, No. 6, 11.2014, p. 1543-1551.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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