Adolescents and health-related behaviour: using a framework to develop interventions to support positive behaviours

Jan Pringle (Lead / Corresponding author), Lawrence Doi, Divya Jindal-Snape, Ruth Jepson, John McAteer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)
    366 Downloads (Pure)


    Background: Experimentation is a natural part of adolescent maturation. In conjunction with increased exposure to behaviours such as alcohol or substance use, and the potentially intensified influence of peer groups, unhealthy behaviour patterns may develop as part of this experimentation. However, the adolescent years also provide considerable opportunity for behaviour to be shaped in positive ways that may improve immediate and longer term health outcomes. A systematic review carried out by the authors concluded that physiological changes during adolescence need to be considered when designing or implementing interventions, due to their influence on health behaviours. The aim of the study is to demonstrate how the six steps in quality intervention development (6SQuID) framework can be used, in conjunction with research or review findings, to inform the development of pilot or feasibility studies. Using the synthesised findings from our adolescent systematic review, we sought to illustrate how adolescent interventions might be designed to target specific health behaviours and augment positive adolescent health outcomes.

    Methods: We applied the 6SQuID framework to the findings from a review of adolescent physiological influences on health behaviour. This involved following the process defined within 6SQuID and applying the sequential steps to build a proposed pilot study, based on the pre-defined findings of our systematic review. We used the Social Learning Theory to assist in identifying how and why change can be influenced, with and for adolescents.

    Results: We devised a pilot study example, targeting teaching assistants, to illustrate how the detailed steps within the 6SQuID framework can assist the development and subsequent implementation of adolescent interventions that are likely to be effective.

    Conclusions: This paper gives details of how the 6SQuID framework can be used for intervention development, using specific research findings, across a variety of adolescent health behaviours. This example provides details of how to operationalise 6SQuID in practical terms that are transferrable to other populations and situations. In this respect, we anticipate that this illustrative case may be of use in the design, development, and implementation of a wide variety of interventions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number69
    Pages (from-to)69
    Number of pages10
    JournalPilot and Feasibility Studies
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2018


    • Adolescence
    • Health behaviour
    • Intervention development
    • Intervention implementation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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