Adolescents in secure accommodation in Scotland: Exposure and impact of traumatic

Ian Barron (Lead / Corresponding author), David Mitchell

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Abstract

The current study sought to, for the first time, assess the nature of trauma exposure and resultant symptoms in adolescents (n = 17) in secure accommodation in Scotland. A case study mixed methods design involved analysis of case files, trauma history interviews, and standardized trauma symptom questionnaires with adolescents and program staff in one facility. A developmental trauma framework was applied to file analysis. Despite extensive abuse and resultant symptoms identified in files, few explicitly reported traumatization. Adolescents in interview, however, reported numerous domestic and institutional traumatic events. High levels of post-traumatic stress (65%), depression (65%) and dissociation (18%) were identified. It appears adolescent traumatization is pervasive in one secure accommodation facility in Scotland. Studies across Scotland’s secure facilities are needed to assess reliability of findings. Indications are, staffs in secure accommodation need to have an understanding of trauma exposure, resultant symptoms and how to respond to traumatized adolescents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-794
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma
Volume27
Issue number7
Early online date20 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • trauma
  • adolescents
  • symptons
  • detention
  • secure care

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