Advances and trends in forming curved extrusion profiles

Wenbin Zhou, Zhutao Shao , Junquan Yu, Jianguo Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Curved profiles/sections have been widely used for manufacturing lightweight structures with high stiffness and strength due to aerodynamics, structural properties, and design reasons. Structural components fabricated using curved aluminum profiles satisfy the increasing demands for products used in many high-technology industries such as aerospace, shipbuilding, high-speed rail train, and automobile, which possess the characteristics of lightweight, high strength/stiffness relative to weight, superior aerodynamics performance, and aesthetics. In this paper, the advances and trends in forming techniques of curved extrusion profiles of metal alloys have been reviewed. The curved profile forming techniques are classified into three major categories: conventional cold bending technique, stress/moment superposed cold bending technique, and extrusion-bending integrated forming technique. Processes for innovative development in the field of forming curved profiles are identified; the extrusion-bending integrated technique which can directly form the billets into curved profiles by one single extrusion operation possesses the full potential for further innovation. Due to the nature of the research to date, much of the work referred to relates to hollow circular and rectangular tube cross-sections.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberma14071603
Number of pages29
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2021


  • profiles/sections
  • lightweight
  • curvature
  • bending defects
  • Extrusion
  • differential material flow


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