Age changes in the clavicle: from the early neonatal period to skeletal maturity

Sue Black, Louise Scheuer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    127 Citations (Scopus)


    Of all the long bones in the human skeleton, it is the clavicle which displays the longest period of growth-related activity, rendering it particularly useful for the estimation of age at death in the earlier years. However, because of the universal paucity of documented juvenile remains, most previous studies have, by necessity, not only been based on material of estimated age at death but also restricted to a narrow age range. The aim of the present study was to chart developmental age-related change in the clavicle across its full growth range using juvenile and young adult material of documented age at death. Maximum diaphysial length was recorded for prepubertal individuals and a grading of the progressive alterations in medial epiphysial morphology was recorded for post-pubertal specimens. In this way, age changes in the clavicle were examined across its developmental maturity continuum.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)425-434
    Number of pages10
    JournalInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1996


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