Airflow through the supraglottis during inspiration

Luke Reid, Masoud Hayatdavoodi (Lead / Corresponding author), Samit Majumdar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction is a paradoxical laryngeal closure during inspiration at high-intensity exercise, with supraglottic closure being most common. This study develops a model based on the computational fluid dynamics to investigate airflow velocity and pressure and the air-induced loads on the supraglottis at various inspiratory flow rates. It is found that at high flow rates, positive wall pressure is formed in the hypopharynx localise towards its lower region, while posterior supraglottic wall pressures shift from positive to negative. These findings suggest that high inspiratory flow rates may increase supraglottic pressure differentials, ultimately contributing in the collapse.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Early online date12 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Supraglottis
  • Inducible laryngeal obstruction
  • Upper respiratory tract
  • Inspiratory airflow
  • Air-induced loads

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