Airflow through the supraglottis during inspiration

Luke Reid, Masoud Hayatdavoodi (Lead / Corresponding author), Samit Majumdar

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Abstract

Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction is a paradoxical laryngeal closure during inspiration at high-intensity exercise, with supraglottic closure being most common. This study develops a model based on the computational fluid dynamics to investigate airflow velocity and pressure and the air-induced loads on the supraglottis at various inspiratory flow rates. It is found that at high flow rates, positive wall pressure is formed in the hypopharynx localise towards its lower region, while posterior supraglottic wall pressures shift from positive to negative. These findings suggest that high inspiratory flow rates may increase supraglottic pressure differentials, ultimately contributing in the collapse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1462–1477
Number of pages16
JournalComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Volume26
Issue number12
Early online date12 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Supraglottis
  • Inducible laryngeal obstruction
  • Upper respiratory tract
  • Inspiratory airflow
  • Air-induced loads

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications

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