Alcohol industry and government revenue derived from underage drinking by Australian adolescents 2005

Christopher M. Doran, Anthony P. Shakeshaft, Wayne Hall, Dennis Petrie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    Aims: The purpose of this study was to estimate the revenue gained from consumption of alcohol by adolescents for each beverage type for the year 2005.

    Design: Secondary analysis of self-reported alcohol use in the 2005 Australian Secondary School Surveys Alcohol and Drug Use.

    Setting: Australia.

    Findings: Over 506,000 adolescents aged between 12 and 17 years (29% of all Australian adolescents) consumed approximately 175.69 million standard drinks in 2005. The total revenue generated by the consumption of these beverages was estimated to be $218 million, of which the government received approximately $107 million or 49% in taxation revenue. Total revenue per underage drinker is estimated at $430.84 with revenue increasing with age. Males tend to spend more on spirits and beer while females spend more on pre-mixed spirits. Females aged 12-15 years spend around S 12 1 per year (or 50% of total expenditure) on pre-mixed spirits compared to females aged 16-17 years old that spend around $257 per year (or 62% of total expenditure) on pre-mixed spirits.

    Conclusions: The Australian government and the alcohol industry receive substantial financial benefit from the sale of alcoholic beverages to under age drinkers. Crown Copyright (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)75-81
    Number of pages7
    JournalAddictive Behaviors
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009


    • Alcohol
    • Adolescents
    • Health expenditure
    • Health policy


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