Alfvén wave boundary condition for responsive magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling

Andrew N. Wright (Lead / Corresponding author), Alexander J.B. Russell

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    The solution of electric fields and currents in a height-resolved ionosphere is traditionally solved as an elliptic equation with Dirichlet or Neumann boundary condition in which the magnetosphere is represented as an unresponsive (prescribed) voltage generator or current source. In this paper we derive an alternative boundary condition based upon Alfvén waves in which only the Alfvén wave from the magnetosphere that is incident upon the ionosphere (Exi) is prescribed. For a uniform magnetosphere the new boundary condition reduces to

    and is evaluated at the magnetosphere-ionosphere interface. The resulting
    solution is interpreted as a responsive magnetosphere and establishes a  key stage in the full self-consistent and nonlinear coupling of the  magnetosphere and ionosphere.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3996-4009
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - May 2014


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