Allergic contact dermatitis in children; has there been a change in allergens?

G. A. Vongyer, C. Green (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is now recognized as a common relevant diagnosis in children. We reviewed the results of patch tests in children under 16 years of age over the 3-year period January 2009 to December 2011, comparing the results with those in a similar 3-year retrospective study performed in our unit for the period August 1999 to September 2002. In total, there were 137 children (70 girls and 67 boys) aged 3-15 years enrolled. Of these, 28 girls (40%) and 22 boys (32.8%) had a positive reaction to at least one allergen, with nickel sulfate and potassium dichromate being the most common allergens, each having an incidence of 7.2%, in contrast to the 20% incidence of nickel allergy in 1999-2002. The rate of fragrance allergy was unchanged at 5.8%, and rubber allergy incidence was greatly reduced. These results show that allergens may be changing in children, and that patch testing is still a useful test to consider.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)31-34
    Number of pages4
    JournalClinical and Experimental Dermatology
    Volume40
    Issue number1
    Early online date23 Sep 2014
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

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