AMPKα1: a glucose sensor that controls CD8 T-cell memory

Julia Rolf, Marouan Zarrouk, David K. Finlay, Marc Foretz, Benoit Viollet, Doreen A. Cantrell

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    117 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is activated by antigen receptor signals and energy stress in T cells. In many cell types, AMPK can maintain energy homeostasis and can enforce quiescence to limit energy demands. We consequently evaluated the importance of AMPK for controlling the transition of metabolically active effector CD8 T lymphocytes to the metabolically quiescent catabolic memory T cells during the contraction phase of the immune response. We show that AMPK1 activates rapidly in response to the metabolic stress caused by glucose deprivation of CD8 cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Moreover, AMPK1 restrains mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 activity under conditions of glucose stress. AMPK1 activity is dispensable for proliferation and differentiation of CTLs. However, AMPK1 is required for in vivo survival of CTLs following withdrawal of immune stimulation. AMPK1null T cells also show a striking defect in their ability to generate memory CD8 T-cell responses during Listeria monocytogenes infection. These results show that AMPK1 monitors energy stress in CTLs and controls CD8 T-cell memory.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)889-896
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
    Volume43
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

    Keywords

    • ENERGY SENSOR
    • LYMPHOCYTES
    • Listeria monocytogenes
    • METFORMIN
    • REGULATOR
    • Energy stress
    • EFFECTOR
    • AMPK
    • DIFFERENTIATION
    • Memory
    • ACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE
    • GROWTH
    • METABOLISM
    • Cytotoxic T lymphocyte
    • Metabolism

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