An experimental study of the motion of an internal solitary wave over a bottom ridge in a stratified fluid

YK Guo, PA Davies

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


    A series of laboratory experiments has been carried out to investigate the interaction of an internal solitary wave of depression with a bottom ridge in a two-layer stratified fluid system. Density, velocity and vorticity fields induced by the wave propagation have been measured upstream, downstream and above the ridge, over a wide range of model parameters. The results show for cases in which the upper layer is stably-stratified that wave breaking may occur for large wave amplitude and strong blockage effect of the ridge. Consequently, mixing and overturning events take place, as measured with the use of an array of microconductivity probes. Some calculations, such as the buoyancy anomaly, the mixedness parameter, are carried out based on the measured density profiles.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHydraulics for maritime engineering : proceedings of Theme E
    Subtitle of host publication29th IAHR Congress Beijing, China, September 16-21, 2001
    EditorsG. Li
    Place of PublicationBeijing
    PublisherTsinghua University Press
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)730204676X
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    Event29th World Congress of the International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research - Beijing, China
    Duration: 16 Sep 200121 Sep 2001


    Conference29th World Congress of the International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research
    Abbreviated title29th IAHR World Congress


    • Slope
    • Blockage
    • Internal solitary wave
    • Breaking
    • Turbulent patch
    • Sea
    • Solitions
    • Mixing and overturning

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