An integrated CRITIC-COPRAS approach for multi-response optimization on AWJM of hybrid filler–reinforced polymer composite and its surface integrity

Kavimani Vijayananth (Lead / Corresponding author), Gopal Pudhupalayam Muthukutti, Sumesh Keerthiveettil Ramakrishnan, Sivamaran Venkatesan, Wenbin Zhou (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Composites have gained acceptance in an extensive range of applications owing to their unique characteristics. But, machining of these materials is often challenging due to improved bonding between matrix and fibre when fillers are added. Since the machinability is an important aspect for any material for its successful utilization, it is essential to analyse the effect of secondary phase on machinability. However, investigations on the effect of fillers on machinability of polymer composites are minimal. In this research, hybrid fillers, namely boron nitride (BN) and montmorillonite (MMT) nanoclay, were added to epoxy/glass fibre composite through compression moulding, in which quantity of MMT is fixed and BN is varied from 2 to 6 wt%. Abrasive water jet machining (AWJM) is a leading method for machining polymer composites in which transverse speed, stand-off distance, pump pressure and filler percentage are key factors and are considered as input variables. To assess the machinability, material removal rate (MRR), surface roughness (Ra) and kerf taper (Kt) are chosen as response variables. Experimental planning is done through Taguchi method, and Criteria Importance Through Intercriteria Correlation (CRITIC)-weighted Complex Proportional Assessment (COPRAS) technique is utilized for optimization. The results revealed that addition of BN reduces the MRR while it improves the surface finish and reduces the Kt. Transverse speed has the most influence over all the considered output responses, stand-off distance and water pressure mainly affect the MRR and Ra while filler addition mainly affects the Kt. The hybrid CRITIC-COPRAS approach–recommended optimal control factors resulted in 16.20 mm 3/min MRR with 0.29° Kt and 3.86 µm Ra. The recommended optical condition can be utilized for effective machining of polymer composite with MMT/BN fillers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4965-4980
Number of pages16
JournalThe International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number9-10
Early online date29 Feb 2024
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • Composite
  • Nano filler
  • Optimization
  • Surface integrity
  • Water jet machining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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