An Integrated Water Law Framework to Implement the Peaceful use of Transboundary Waters in Line with the SDGs: the Contribution of Central Asia

Andrew Allan, Barbara Janusz-Pawletta, Ana Daza Vargas, Sergei Vinogradov, Patricia Wouters, Dinara Ziganshina

Research output: Other contribution

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Abstract

Central Asia comprises five countries – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, with a total population of more than 72 million people, sharing major transboundary waters across diverse landscapes with a continental climate.
The major transboundary waters include the Amudarya, Syrdarya, Chu (Shu), Talas, Zeravshan, Tedzhen (Herirud), and Murgab rivers. These are used mainly for irrigation and energy production, regulated through flow regulation schemes, which were designed to meet competing sectoral needs and to enable the sharing of costs and benefits.
Significant natural and anthropogenic challenges means that the water resources are managed with the goal of achieving important social, economic and environmental objectives across the five countries. According to what (Source), the water stress in CA (SDG 6.4.2) exceeds 71%. While the level of household and drinking water supply and sanitation is relatively high, aging infrastructure now requires considerable investment and upgrade. The growing adverse impacts of climate change call for improved adaptation measures so as to sustain water-related ecosystems (SDG indicator 6.6.1), and to combat desertification and land degradation, especially with the continued drying up of the Aral Sea, deterioration of mountain ecosystems, decreasing quantities and qualities of water resources and declining aquatic biodiversity.
Many actions are required to address these compelling challenges, including innovative and joined-up legal and regulatory regimes to ensure the equitable and reasonable use of the shared water resources across CA at international, regional and national levels.
Identifying and implementing agreed rules of law across the regulatory implementation levels will contribute to the sustainable development of the transboundary waters shared across CA in line with the UN SDGs in ways that address current hard challenges.
Original languageEnglish
TypePolicy Brief
Media of outputDocument
PublisherDeutsch Kasachische Universitat
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • water
  • Law
  • Central Asia
  • transboundary waters

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