An Introduction to the History of Age Estimation in the Living

Andreas Schmeling, Sue Black

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

10 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAge Estimation in the Living
Subtitle of host publicationthe practioner's guide
EditorsSue Black, Jason Payne-James, Anil Aggrawal
Place of PublicationChichester
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780470669785
ISBN (Print)9780470519677
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2010


  • Age estimation, or age evaluation, age determination, age diagnostics or age assessment - in the living, applied research in forensic sciences
  • Age, important classifier - in cultural and judicial hierarchies
  • Evaluation of age in the living - issues pertaining to refugee and asylum seekers, criminals and their victims, human trafficking and child pornography
  • History of age estimation in the living
  • Human trafficking - recruitment, movement and sale of people for exploitative purposes
  • International human rights - issues governed by UN Convention on Rights of the Child (1989) and UNHCR Guidelines on Policies and Procedures
  • Methods for dental age estimation and methods for evaluation of skeletal maturation
  • Process of maturation at puberty - multidimensional set of events, utilized for age related evaluation
  • Skeletal atlas approach, identifying a 'standard' for each age group
  • Study of tooth development - linked to chronological ages of individual

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