Antenatal care trial interventions: a systematic scoping review and taxonomy development of care models

Andrew Symon (Lead / Corresponding author), Jan Pringle, Soo Downe, Vanora Hundley, Elaine Lee, Fiona Lynn, Alison McFadden, Jenny McNeill, Mary Renfrew, Mary Ross-Davie, Edwin R. van Teijlingen, Heather Whitford, Fiona Alderdice

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Antenatal care models vary widely around the world, reflecting local contexts, drivers and resources. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have tested the impact of multi-component antenatal care interventions on service delivery and outcomes in many countries since the 1980s. Some have applied entirely new schemes, while others have modified existing care delivery approaches. Systematic reviews (SRs) indicate that some specific antenatal interventions are more effective than others; however the causal mechanisms leading to better outcomes are poorly understood, limiting implementation and future research. As a first step in identifying what might be making the difference we conducted a scoping review of interventions tested in RCTs in order to establish a taxonomy of antenatal care models.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2017



  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal care
  • Antenatal care
  • Model of care
  • Health services research
  • Randomised controlled trial
  • Systematic review
  • Pregnancy outcome
  • Taxonomy

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