Antigen receptors are crucial regulators of the mammalian immune response. Immediate antigen receptor proximal signal transduction pathways mediated by tyrosine (Tyr) kinases are well defined. In contrast, much less is known about the network of serine (Ser) kinases and Ser kinase substrates that are linked to antigen receptor function. Here we describe a new signaling module for antigen receptors in lymphocytes; a Ser kinase pathway that phosphorylates Ser 727 in STAT1α, a member of the signal transducer and activator of transcription gene family. In the present study we have explored the regulation of STAT1 Ser 727 phosphorylation in human T and B lymphocytes and show that it is controlled by both positive and negative antigen receptor signaling cascades. Ligation of antigen receptors in both B and T cells induce a delayed but then sustained phosphorylation of STAT1 on Ser 727. STAT1 Ser phosphorylation is induced by the TCR in the absence of STAT1 Tyr phosphorylation, indicating that in T cells STAT1 Ser and Tyr phosphorylation are independent events. Antigen receptor regulation of STAT Ser phosphorylation is dependent on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-mediated signals. Furthermore, the negative regulatory receptor FcγRIIb, which mediates vital feedback control of B cell responses, prevents antigen receptor-induced phosphorylation of STAT1 Ser 727. The ability of antigen receptors to both positively and negatively regulate STAT1 Ser 727 phosphorylation reveals a Ser kinase network that operated during sustained responses to antigen receptor engagement.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 26 Jul 2000|
- Antigen receptor
- Serine kinase