Application of a bonded critical state model to design tunnel support for rockmass bulking

M. O. Ciantia (Lead / Corresponding author), M. Arroyo, P. Kaiser

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Gabion-type support is a favoured option to restrain bulking in pillar walls of mine footprint tunnels. It uses closely spaced short reinforcements in tunnel walls (typically fully grouted rebar) in combination with surface support (rock fragment retention systems such as shotcrete, weld wire mesh, straps, etc.). The system is installed while the rock is still mostly intact and is conceived to maintain support capacity even when, the rock attains a fully fragmented state, acting then like a gabion or earth-reinforced type retaining wall. In this paper the interaction between the support system and the highly stressed pillar walls is investigated numerically by means of finite element analyses within the framework of displacement-based design. Because the material response should capture the passage from intact rock to fully fragmented state, an advanced elasto-plastic bonded constitutive model was adopted as a simulation framework. The model is calibrated to replicate the mechanical behaviour of Bursnip Sandstone and Amarelo Pais Granite. These two rocks were selected because of high quality triaxial tests results from the literature. After showing the good performance of the model to reproduce both low and high pressure triaxial compression behaviour an extensive parametric study investigating the effects of bolt types on gabion response is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012162
Number of pages8
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Early online date6 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventEUROCK 2021 – Mechanics and Rock Engineering from Theory to Practice - Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
Duration: 21 Sept 202124 Sept 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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