Cellular networks have been widely used to support many new audio-and video-based multimedia applications. The demand for higher data rate and diverse services has driven the research on multihop cellular networks (MCNs). With its ad hoc network features, an MCN can offer many additional advantages, such as increased network throughput, scalability and coverage. However, providing ad hoc capability to MCNs is challenging as it may require proper wireless interfaces. In this article, the architecture of IEEE 802.16 network interface to provide ad hoc capability for MCNs is investigated, with its focus on the IEEE 802.16 mesh networking and scheduling. Several distributed routing algorithms based on network entry mechanism are studied and compared with a centralized routing algorithm. It is observed from the simulation results that 802.16 mesh networks have limitations on providing sufficient bandwidth for the traffic from the cellular base stations when a cellular network size is relatively large.
- Mesh networks
- Spread spectrum communication
- Land mobile radio cellular systems
- Ad hoc networks
- Network interfaces
- Telecommunication traffic