Application of the London Atlas Software App 2nd edition for the radiographic assessment of dental development

Erica Dalben (Lead / Corresponding author), Juliano Bueno, Yasmin Fonseca, Scheila Manica, Monikelly Nascimento, Ademir Franco (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
40 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Assessing the dental development of children and adolescents is an important part of treatment planning. The radiographic visualization of dental developmental stages prior to age estimation is currently feasible by means of digital software apps. Testing the existing software tools is necessary to safeguard application in practice. This study applied the London Atlas Software App 2nd edition™ for dental age estimation in Brazilian children.

Material and Methods
: The software was applied to 1.104 digital panoramic radiographs of females (n = 509) and males (n = 595) with ages between 6 and 15.99 years (mean = 10.88 ± 2.84 years). The sample included at least 100 individuals similarly distributed based on sex within 10 age categories of one year each (6├ 15.99) years. Metrics of errors were quantified between the estimated (EA) and chronological (CA) ages.

Results: The mean absolute errors among females and males were 0.56 and 0.60 years, respectively (overall = 0.58 years for the combined sample). The lower error values were observed in the age interval of 6 ├ 9.99 years. Error values above one year were detected in older age intervals (10 ├ 15.99 years). Statistically significant differences in dental development were not observed between females and males (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: The London Atlas Software App 2nd edition led to specific error rates that can be acceptable for case-specific clinical applications. In the forensic field, caution is advised if the application is planned in the transition between late childhood and early adolescence – when third molars play a major role among the scarce developing teeth.
Original languageEnglish
Article number59974
Pages (from-to)e944-52
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • Brazil
  • Children
  • Dental age estimation
  • Forensic dentistry
  • Radiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Application of the London Atlas Software App 2nd edition for the radiographic assessment of dental development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this