Nanozymes are inorganic nanoparticles that mimic the enzyme-like properties in redox reactions, processing both unique properties of nanomaterials and a catalytic function. Because of high catalytic activity, stability and multifunctionality, nanozyme are of increasingly wide interest in the fields of environmental science and technology. In this article, we review the most recent advances of nanozyme research for environmental pollutant detection and treatment. Nanozymes can be used to detect ions, molecules and organic compounds both qualitatively and quantitatively. They have also been applied for destruction multi-drug resistant bacteria and the degradation of various organic pollutants. Despite the apparent potential of nanozymes in environmental science and technology, current research and application is still limited, and so future challenges and research prospects have been highlighted.
- heavy metals
- organic pollutants
- antibacterial substances
- organic pollutant degradation