Araucaria: software for argument analysis, diagramming and representation

Chris Reed, Glenn Rowe

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Argumentation theory involves the analysis of naturally occurring argument, and one key tool employed to this end both in the academic community and in teaching critical thinking skills to undergraduates is argument diagramming. By identifying the structure of an argument in terms of its constituents and the relationships between them, it becomes easier to critically evaluate each part of an argument in turn. The task of analysis and diagramming, however, is labor intensive and often idiosyncratic, which can make academic exchange difficult. The Araucaria system provides an interface which supports the diagramming process, and then saves the result using AML, an open standard, designed in XML, for describing argument structure. Araucaria aims to be of use not only in pedagogical situations, but also in support of research activity. As a result, it has been designed from the outset to handle more advanced argumentation theoretic concepts such as schemes, which capture stereotypical patterns of reasoning. The software is also designed to be compatible with a number of applications under development, including dialogic interaction and online corpus provision. Together, these features, combined with its platform independence and ease of use, have the potential to make Araucaria a valuable resource for the academic community.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)961-979
    Number of pages19
    JournalInternational Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2004


    • Argumentation schemes
    • Argumentation theory
    • Critical thinking
    • Diagramming
    • Informal logic
    • XML


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