Objectives: To identify associations between baseline ultrasound (US) and mammographic features and metastasis free survival (MFS) in women receiving neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for breast cancer.
Methods: The data were collected as part of an ethically approved prospective study. Women with invasive breast cancer receiving NACT who were metastasis free at diagnosis were included. Baseline US and mammography were performed. Imaging was assessed by an experienced breast radiologist who was blinded to outcomes. US imaging features documented included posterior effect, skin thickening, size and stiffness using shear wave elastography (SWE). The mammographic features documented were spiculation and microcalcification. The development of metastatic disease was ascertained from computer records. Statistical analysis was performed using Kaplan Meier survival curves and Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) analysis.
Results: 171 women with 172 cancers were included in the study and 55 developed metastatic disease. Mean follow-up was 6.0 years. Women with mammographic calcification had significantly poorer metastasis free survival (MFS) compared to women without calcification (p = 0.043, 6 yr MFS 50 % vs 69 %). Women bearing cancer with distal shadowing had poorer MFS than women without shadowing (p = 0.025, 6 yr MFS 47 % vs. 73 %). Women with US skin thickening had poorer MFS compared to women without skin thickening (p = 0.032, 6 yr MFS 52 % vs. 68 %). Mammographic spiculation, US size and stiffness at SWE had no significant association with MFS.
Conclusion: We have identified mammographic and US features associated with MFS in women receiving NACT. Such information may be useful when counselling patients about the benefits and risks of NACT.
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
- Breast cancer
- Shear wave elastography