Pretreatment of cells with 0.5 mM sodium arsenite (but not other activators of stress-activated MAP kinase cascades) prevents the activation of p21Ras and strongly suppresses the activation of c-Raf and the MAP kinase cascade by a variety of growth factors. Arsenite appears to exert its effect by preventing the guanine nucleotide exchange factor mSos from converting Ras to its active GTP-bound state. Exposure to arsenite may be a simple way of assessing whether Ras plays an essential role in mediating activation of the MAP kinase cascade by extracellular signals.
- MAP kinase kinase (MKK)
- P70 S6 kinase