Asking different questions: A call to action for research to improve the quality of care for every woman, every child

Holly P. Kennedy (Lead / Corresponding author), Melissa Cheyney, Hannah G. Dahlen, Soo Downe, Maralyn J. Foureur, Caroline S. E. Homer, Elaine Jefford, Alison McFadden, Michaela Michel-Schuldt, Jane Sandall, Hora Soltani, Anna M. Speciale, Jennifer Stevens, Saraswathi Vedam, Mary J. Renfrew

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite decades of considerable economic investment in improving the health of families and newborns world-wide, aspirations for maternal and newborn health have yet to be attained in many regions. The global turn toward recognizing the importance of positive experiences of pregnancy, intrapartum and postnatal care, and care in the first weeks of life, while continuing to work to minimize adverse outcomes, signals a critical change in the maternal and newborn health care conversation and research prioritization. This paper presents "different research questions" drawing on evidence presented in the 2014 Lancet Series on Midwifery and a research prioritization study conducted with the World Health Organization. The results indicated that future research investment in maternal and newborn health should be on "right care," which is quality care that is tailored to individuals, weighs benefits and harms, is person-centered, works across the whole continuum of care, advances equity, and is informed by evidence, including cost-effectiveness. Three inter-related research themes were identified: examination and implementation of models of care that enhance both well-being and safety; investigating and optimizing physiological, psychological, and social processes in pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period; and development and validation of outcome measures that capture short and longer term well-being. New, transformative research approaches should account for the underlying social and political-economic mechanisms that enhance or constrain the well-being of women, newborns, families, and societies. Investment in research capacity and capability building across all settings is critical, but especially in those countries that bear the greatest burden of poor outcomes. We believe this call to action for investment in the three research priorities identified in this paper has the potential to achieve these benefits and to realize the ambitions of Sustainable Development Goal Three of good health and well-being for all.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-231
Number of pages10
JournalBirth
Volume45
Issue number3
Early online date21 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Fingerprint

Quality of Health Care
Health Services Research
Research
Economics
Postnatal Care
Capacity Building
Pregnancy
Continuity of Patient Care
Family Health
Conservation of Natural Resources
Midwifery
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Parturition
Newborn Infant
Psychology
Safety
Infant Health
Health
Maternal Health

Keywords

  • maternal and newborn health
  • quality of care
  • research priorities
  • sustainable development goals

Cite this

Kennedy, Holly P. ; Cheyney, Melissa ; Dahlen, Hannah G. ; Downe, Soo ; Foureur, Maralyn J. ; Homer, Caroline S. E. ; Jefford, Elaine ; McFadden, Alison ; Michel-Schuldt, Michaela ; Sandall, Jane ; Soltani, Hora ; Speciale, Anna M. ; Stevens, Jennifer ; Vedam, Saraswathi ; Renfrew, Mary J. / Asking different questions : A call to action for research to improve the quality of care for every woman, every child. In: Birth. 2018 ; Vol. 45, No. 3. pp. 222-231.
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abstract = "Despite decades of considerable economic investment in improving the health of families and newborns world-wide, aspirations for maternal and newborn health have yet to be attained in many regions. The global turn toward recognizing the importance of positive experiences of pregnancy, intrapartum and postnatal care, and care in the first weeks of life, while continuing to work to minimize adverse outcomes, signals a critical change in the maternal and newborn health care conversation and research prioritization. This paper presents {"}different research questions{"} drawing on evidence presented in the 2014 Lancet Series on Midwifery and a research prioritization study conducted with the World Health Organization. The results indicated that future research investment in maternal and newborn health should be on {"}right care,{"} which is quality care that is tailored to individuals, weighs benefits and harms, is person-centered, works across the whole continuum of care, advances equity, and is informed by evidence, including cost-effectiveness. Three inter-related research themes were identified: examination and implementation of models of care that enhance both well-being and safety; investigating and optimizing physiological, psychological, and social processes in pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period; and development and validation of outcome measures that capture short and longer term well-being. New, transformative research approaches should account for the underlying social and political-economic mechanisms that enhance or constrain the well-being of women, newborns, families, and societies. Investment in research capacity and capability building across all settings is critical, but especially in those countries that bear the greatest burden of poor outcomes. We believe this call to action for investment in the three research priorities identified in this paper has the potential to achieve these benefits and to realize the ambitions of Sustainable Development Goal Three of good health and well-being for all.",
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author = "Kennedy, {Holly P.} and Melissa Cheyney and Dahlen, {Hannah G.} and Soo Downe and Foureur, {Maralyn J.} and Homer, {Caroline S. E.} and Elaine Jefford and Alison McFadden and Michaela Michel-Schuldt and Jane Sandall and Hora Soltani and Speciale, {Anna M.} and Jennifer Stevens and Saraswathi Vedam and Renfrew, {Mary J.}",
note = "Funding informationJane Sandall is supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care South London at King’s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. The views expressed are those of the author[s] and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR, or the Department of Health and Social Care.",
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Kennedy, HP, Cheyney, M, Dahlen, HG, Downe, S, Foureur, MJ, Homer, CSE, Jefford, E, McFadden, A, Michel-Schuldt, M, Sandall, J, Soltani, H, Speciale, AM, Stevens, J, Vedam, S & Renfrew, MJ 2018, 'Asking different questions: A call to action for research to improve the quality of care for every woman, every child', Birth, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 222-231. https://doi.org/10.1111/birt.12361

Asking different questions : A call to action for research to improve the quality of care for every woman, every child. / Kennedy, Holly P. (Lead / Corresponding author); Cheyney, Melissa; Dahlen, Hannah G.; Downe, Soo; Foureur, Maralyn J.; Homer, Caroline S. E.; Jefford, Elaine; McFadden, Alison; Michel-Schuldt, Michaela; Sandall, Jane; Soltani, Hora; Speciale, Anna M.; Stevens, Jennifer; Vedam, Saraswathi; Renfrew, Mary J.

In: Birth, Vol. 45, No. 3, 09.2018, p. 222-231.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

TY - JOUR

T1 - Asking different questions

T2 - A call to action for research to improve the quality of care for every woman, every child

AU - Kennedy, Holly P.

AU - Cheyney, Melissa

AU - Dahlen, Hannah G.

AU - Downe, Soo

AU - Foureur, Maralyn J.

AU - Homer, Caroline S. E.

AU - Jefford, Elaine

AU - McFadden, Alison

AU - Michel-Schuldt, Michaela

AU - Sandall, Jane

AU - Soltani, Hora

AU - Speciale, Anna M.

AU - Stevens, Jennifer

AU - Vedam, Saraswathi

AU - Renfrew, Mary J.

N1 - Funding informationJane Sandall is supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care South London at King’s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. The views expressed are those of the author[s] and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR, or the Department of Health and Social Care.

PY - 2018/9

Y1 - 2018/9

N2 - Despite decades of considerable economic investment in improving the health of families and newborns world-wide, aspirations for maternal and newborn health have yet to be attained in many regions. The global turn toward recognizing the importance of positive experiences of pregnancy, intrapartum and postnatal care, and care in the first weeks of life, while continuing to work to minimize adverse outcomes, signals a critical change in the maternal and newborn health care conversation and research prioritization. This paper presents "different research questions" drawing on evidence presented in the 2014 Lancet Series on Midwifery and a research prioritization study conducted with the World Health Organization. The results indicated that future research investment in maternal and newborn health should be on "right care," which is quality care that is tailored to individuals, weighs benefits and harms, is person-centered, works across the whole continuum of care, advances equity, and is informed by evidence, including cost-effectiveness. Three inter-related research themes were identified: examination and implementation of models of care that enhance both well-being and safety; investigating and optimizing physiological, psychological, and social processes in pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period; and development and validation of outcome measures that capture short and longer term well-being. New, transformative research approaches should account for the underlying social and political-economic mechanisms that enhance or constrain the well-being of women, newborns, families, and societies. Investment in research capacity and capability building across all settings is critical, but especially in those countries that bear the greatest burden of poor outcomes. We believe this call to action for investment in the three research priorities identified in this paper has the potential to achieve these benefits and to realize the ambitions of Sustainable Development Goal Three of good health and well-being for all.

AB - Despite decades of considerable economic investment in improving the health of families and newborns world-wide, aspirations for maternal and newborn health have yet to be attained in many regions. The global turn toward recognizing the importance of positive experiences of pregnancy, intrapartum and postnatal care, and care in the first weeks of life, while continuing to work to minimize adverse outcomes, signals a critical change in the maternal and newborn health care conversation and research prioritization. This paper presents "different research questions" drawing on evidence presented in the 2014 Lancet Series on Midwifery and a research prioritization study conducted with the World Health Organization. The results indicated that future research investment in maternal and newborn health should be on "right care," which is quality care that is tailored to individuals, weighs benefits and harms, is person-centered, works across the whole continuum of care, advances equity, and is informed by evidence, including cost-effectiveness. Three inter-related research themes were identified: examination and implementation of models of care that enhance both well-being and safety; investigating and optimizing physiological, psychological, and social processes in pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period; and development and validation of outcome measures that capture short and longer term well-being. New, transformative research approaches should account for the underlying social and political-economic mechanisms that enhance or constrain the well-being of women, newborns, families, and societies. Investment in research capacity and capability building across all settings is critical, but especially in those countries that bear the greatest burden of poor outcomes. We believe this call to action for investment in the three research priorities identified in this paper has the potential to achieve these benefits and to realize the ambitions of Sustainable Development Goal Three of good health and well-being for all.

KW - maternal and newborn health

KW - quality of care

KW - research priorities

KW - sustainable development goals

U2 - 10.1111/birt.12361

DO - 10.1111/birt.12361

M3 - Comment/debate

C2 - 29926965

VL - 45

SP - 222

EP - 231

JO - Birth

JF - Birth

SN - 0730-7659

IS - 3

ER -