Assault-related maxillofacial injuries: the results from the European Maxillofacial Trauma (EURMAT) multicenter and prospective collaboration

Paolo Boffano (Lead / Corresponding author), Fabio Roccia, Emanuele Zavattero, Emil Dediol, Vedran Uglešić, Žiga Kovačič, Aleš Vesnaver, Vitomir S. Konstantinović, Milan Petrović, Jonny Stephens, Amar Kanzaria, Nabeel Bhatti, Simon Holmes, Petia F. Pechalova, Angel G. Bakardjiev, Vladislav A. Malanchuk, Andrey V. Kopchak, Pål Galteland, Even Mjøen, Per SkjelbredHelios Bertin, F. Marion, Julien Guiol, Pierre Corre, Sigbjørn Løes, Njål Lekven, Sean Laverick, Peter Gordon, Tiia Tamme, Stephanie Akermann, K. Hakki Karagozoglu, Sofie C. Kommers, Tymour Forouzanfar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    34 Citations (Scopus)


    Objective: The aim of this study is to present and discuss the demographic characteristics and patterns of assault-related maxillofacial fractures as reported by a European multicenter prospective study. Study Design: Demographic and injury data were recorded for each patient who was a victim of an assault. Results: Assaults represented the most frequent etiology of maxillofacial trauma with an overall rate of 39% and the values ranging between 60.8% (Kiev, Ukraine) and 15.4% (Bergen, Norway). The most frequent mechanisms of assault-related maxillofacial fractures were fists in 730 cases, followed by kicks and fists. The most frequently observed fracture involved the mandible (814 fractures), followed by orbito-zygomatic-maxillary complex fractures and orbital fractures. Conclusions: Our data confirmed the strong possibility that patients with maxillofacial fractures may be victims of physical aggression. The crucial role of alcohol in assault-related fractures was also confirmed by our study.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)385-391
    Number of pages7
    JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
    Issue number4
    Early online date11 Dec 2014
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Oral Surgery
    • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
    • Dentistry (miscellaneous)


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