Assessment of vascularity as an index of angiogenesis in periradicular granulomas: Comparison with oral carcinomas and normal tissue counterparts

K.J. Davey, S. Perrier, G. Ohe, A.D. Gilbert, A. Bankfalvi, W.P. Saunders, S.L. Schor, A.M. Schor

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    Abstract

    Aim To quantify vascularity in periradicular granulomas using different endothelial markers, and assess its value as an index of angiogenesis by comparing granulomas with healthy periodontal ligament (PDL). To use oral tumours, compared with adjacent normal mucosa, as positive controls.

    Methodology Paraffin-embedded sections were stained with antibodies to von Willebrand factor (vWF), a pan-endothelial marker, and CD105, a putative marker for angiogenic vessels. Vascularity was quantified by different methods reflecting vessel volume and density.

    Results Irrespective of the marker or method used, vascularity values were similar in periradicular granuloma and PDL. Both tissues were highly vascularized, with levels similar to those found in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Vascularity was significantly higher in the latter than in normal mucosa. Fewer vessels were positive for CD105 than for vWF in the normal mucosa, whereas similar numbers were found in the other tissues examined.

    Conclusions A comparison of vascularity in oral tumours and normal oral mucosa provided evidence of angiogenesis in the former. Staining with CD105 added limited value to staining with vWF in these tissues. In contrast, a comparison of periradicular granuloma and PDL failed to demonstrate evidence of angiogenesis in the granuloma. As all vessels were similarly stained with vWF and CD105 in granuloma and PDL, a possible hypothesis is that all vessels are newly formed in these tissues. A more plausible alternative is that CD105 expression may reflect the metabolic activity or intrinsic characteristics of the tissues, rather than the presence of angiogenic vessels.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)987-996
    Number of pages10
    JournalInternational Endodontic Journal
    Volume41
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

    Keywords

    • angiogenesis
    • CD105
    • oral cancer
    • periodontal ligament
    • periradicular granuloma
    • vascularity
    • ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH-FACTOR
    • SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA
    • PERIAPICAL LESIONS
    • BREAST-CARCINOMA
    • PERIODONTAL-LIGAMENT
    • TUMOR ANGIOGENESIS
    • CD105 EXPRESSION
    • VEGF EXPRESSION
    • ENDOGLIN CD105
    • BLOOD-VESSELS

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