Psoriasis (OMIM#177900) is a common polygenic skin disorder affecting approximately 2% of the northern European population and 0.1% of the Han Chinese. Psoriasis patients suffer from chronic skin inflammation, manifested by erythematous scaly lesions. PSORS1-PSORS9 have been confirmed as psoriasis susceptibility loci in independent genetic studies on predominantly Caucasian populations, with psoriasis susceptibility loci (PSORS1, PSORS9) and additional loci at 9q33-34 and 2p22.3-11.2 reported in Han Chinese patients. In this study, we show the association of PSORS4 with psoriasis in Singaporean Chinese. Dense genotyping of single-nucleotide polymorphism-tagging candidate genes within the epidermal differentiation complex revealed significant association in the proximity of the involucrin gene (IVL); the strongest association was seen in early-onset psoriasis patients (P=0.0014). A follow-up genome-wide association screen localized the psoriasis susceptibility region to ~360 kb along chromosome 1 in the vicinity of IVL, small proline-rich region (SPRR) and proline-rich region 9 (PRR9) genes. The study of interactions between the causative variant(s) in this locus will provide insights into a possible role for epidermal barrier formation in the pathogenesis of psoriasis.
Chen, H., Toh, T. K. L., Szeverenyi, I., Ong, R. T. H., Theng, C. T. S., McLean, W. H. I., Seielstad, M., & Lane, E. B. (2009). Association of skin barrier genes within the PSORS4 locus is enriched in Singaporean Chinese with early-onset psoriasis. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 129(3), 606-614. https://doi.org/10.1038/jid.2008.273