Introduction: The A allele of rs1042713 (Arg16 amino acid) in the β 2-adrenoreceptor is associated with poor response to long-acting β 2-agonist (LABA) in young people with asthma. Our aim was to assess whether the prescribing of second-line controller with LABA or a leukotriene receptor antagonist according to Arg16Gly genotype would result in improvements in Pediatric Asthma-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ).
Methods: We performed a pragmatic randomised controlled trial (RCT) via a primary care clinical research network covering England and Scotland. We enrolled participants aged 12–18 years with asthma taking inhaled corticosteroids. 241 participants (mean±SD age 14.7±1.91 years) were randomised (1:1) to receive personalised care (genotype directed prescribing) or standard guideline care. Following a 4-week run-in participants were followed for 12 months. The primary outcome measure was change in PAQLQ. Asthma control, asthma exacerbation frequency and healthcare utilisation were secondary outcomes.
Results: Genotype-directed prescribing resulted in an improvement in PAQLQ compared to standard care (0.16, 95% CI 0.00–0.31; p=0.049), although this improvement was below the pre-determined clinical threshold of 0.25. The AA genotype was associated with a larger improvement in PAQLQ with personalised versus standard care (0.42, 95% CI 0.02–0.81; p=0.041).
Conclusion: This is the first RCT demonstrating that genotype-driven asthma prescribing is associated with a significant improvement in a clinical outcome compared to standard care. Adolescents with the AA homozygous genotype benefited most. The potential role of such β 2-adrenoceptor genotype directed therapy in younger and more severe childhood asthma warrants further exploration.
- beta-2 gene polymorphysms
- paediatric asthma
- asthma clinical trials
- Asthma Quality of Life