Barley: a translational model for adaptation to climate change

Ian K. Dawson (Lead / Corresponding author), Joanne Russell, Wayne Powell, Brian Steffenson, William T B Thomas, Robbie Waugh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    88 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare) is an excellent model for understanding agricultural responses to climate change. Its initial domestication over 10 millennia ago and subsequent wide migration provide striking evidence of adaptation to different environments, agro-ecologies and uses. A bottleneck in the selection of modern varieties has resulted in a reduction in total genetic diversity and a loss of specific alleles relevant to climate-smart agriculture. However, extensive and well-curated collections of landraces, wild barley accessions (H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum) and other Hordeum species exist and are important new allele sources. A wide range of genomic and analytical tools have entered the public domain for exploring and capturing this variation, and specialized populations, mutant stocks and transgenics facilitate the connection between genetic diversity and heritable phenotypes. These lay the biological, technological and informational foundations for developing climate-resilient crops tailored to specific environments that are supported by extensive environmental and geographical databases, new methods for climate modelling and trait/environment association analyses, and decentralized participatory improvement methods. Case studies of important climate-related traits and their constituent genes - including examples that are indicative of the complexities involved in designing appropriate responses - are presented, and key developments for the future highlighted.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)913-931
    Number of pages19
    JournalNew Phytologist
    Volume206
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015

    Keywords

    • Abiotic and biotic stresses
    • Barley genome assembly
    • Evolutionary participatory plant breeding
    • Landraces
    • Niche modelling
    • Wild barley

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