Beyond conventional capacity design: towards a new design philosophy

I. Anastasopoulos

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The paper illuminates a newseismic design philosophy,which takes advantage of soil "failure" to protect the superstructure.A reversal of conventional "capacity design" is introduced, through intentional underdesigning of the foundation.A simple but realistic bridge is used as an illustrative example of the effectiveness of the new philosophy. Two alternatives are compared: one in compliance with conventional capacity design, with over-designed foundation so that the plastic "hinge" develops in the superstructure ; and one with under-designed foundation, so that the plastic "hinge" may occur in the soil. The seismic performance of the two alternatives is investigated through numerical (finite element) and experimental (shaking table) simulation. It is shown that the performance of both alternatives is totally acceptable for moderate seismic motions. For large intensity seismic motions, the performance of the new scheme is shown to be advantageous, not only avoiding collapse but hardly suffering any inelastic structural deformation. Naturally, there is always a price to pay, which is none other than increased foundation settlement and residual rotation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationSoil-Foundation-Structure Interaction
    Subtitle of host publicationselected papers from the International Workshop on Soil-Foundation-Structure Interaction, SFSI 09
    EditorsRolando P. Orense, Nawawi Chouw, Michael J. Pender
    Place of PublicationBoca Raton, Fla.
    PublisherCRC Press
    Pages213-220
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Print)9780415600408
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010
    EventInternational Workshop on Soil-Foundation-Structure Interaction, SFSI 09 - Auckland, New Zealand
    Duration: 26 Nov 200927 Nov 2009

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Workshop on Soil-Foundation-Structure Interaction, SFSI 09
    CountryNew Zealand
    CityAuckland
    Period26/11/0927/11/09

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