Beyond Stockholm: in search of a strategy for the European union’s area of freedom, security, and justice

Sarah Léonard (Lead / Corresponding author), Christian Kaunert

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)
    213 Downloads (Pure)


    The development of the European Union’s Area of Freedom, Security, and Justice (AFSJ) has been identified by the Lisbon Treaty (2009) as one of the key objectives of the European Union (EU). Recent events have also highlighted the saliency of several of the policy issues at the heart of the AFSJ. Amongst them, one can mention the terrorist attacks in 2015 in Paris and the ongoing refugee crisis in the Mediterranean region. At the same time, the end of the Stockholm programme, which provided the strategic framework for the development of the AFSJ between 2010 and 2014, has been followed by the adoption of new ‘strategic guidelines’, which can only be described as a short, vague, and general document. It is therefore paradoxical that, at a time when AFSJ matters - such as asylum, migration, borders, terrorism, policing, and judicial cooperation - have never been so salient, the EU finds itself, for the first time ever, devoid of any significant, over-arching strategy for the development of its AFSJ.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)143-149
    Number of pages7
    JournalEuropean Politics and Society
    Issue number2
    Early online date23 Mar 2016
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


    • Area of Freedom
    • European Union
    • Internal security
    • Justice
    • Justice and home affairs
    • Security
    • Strategic guidelines

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Political Science and International Relations


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