Bioactive glass-based fibrous wound dressings

Shahin Homaeigohar, Meng Li, Aldo R. Boccaccini

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Since the discovery of silicate bioactive glass (BG) by Larry Hench in 1969, different classes of BGs have been researched over decades mainly for bone regeneration. More recently, validating the beneficial influence of BGs with tailored compositions on angiogenesis, immunogenicity and bacterial infection, the applicability of BGs has been extended to soft tissue repair and wound healing. Particularly, fibrous wound dressings comprising BG particle reinforced polymer nano fibers and cotton-candy-like BG fibers have been proven to be successful for wound healing applications. Such fibrous dressing materials imitate the physical structure of skin’s extra cellular matrix and release biologically active ions e.g. regenerative, pro-angiogenic and antibacterial ions, e.g. borate, copper, etc., that can provoke cellular activities to regenerate the lost skin tissue and to induce new vessels formation, while keeping an anti-infection environment. In the current review, we intend to discuss different BG fibrous materials meant for wound healing applications and to cover the relevant literature in the past decade. The production methods of BG-containing fibers are explained and as fibrous wound dressing materials, their wound healing and bactericidal mechanisms, depending on the ions they release, are discussed. Eventually, the present gaps in this research area are highlighted and new strategies to address them are suggested.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbertkac038
Number of pages16
JournalBurns & Trauma
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2022


  • Carboxymethyl chitosan
  • Eucalyptus essential oil
  • Hydrogel
  • Antibacterial activity
  • Burn
  • Wound healing


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