Biodiversity Conservation in the REDD

Gary D Paoli (Lead / Corresponding author), Philip L Wells, Erik Meijaard, Matthew J Struebig, Andrew J Marshall, Krystof Obidzinski, Aseng Tan, Andjar Rafiastanto, Betsy Yaap, JW Ferry Slik, Alexandra Morel, Balu Perumal, Niels Wielaard, Simon Husson, Laura D'Arcy

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

    68 Citations (Scopus)


    Deforestation and forest degradation in the tropics is a major source of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The tropics also harbour more than half the world's threatened species, raising the possibility that reducing GHG emissions by curtailing tropical deforestation could provide substantial co-benefits for biodiversity conservation. Here we explore the potential for such co-benefits in Indonesia, a leading source of GHG emissions from land cover and land use change, and among the most species-rich countries in the world. We show that focal ecosystems for interventions to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Indonesia do not coincide with areas supporting the most species-rich communities or highest concentration of threatened species. We argue that inherent trade-offs among ecosystems in emission reduction potential, opportunity cost of foregone development and biodiversity values will require a regulatory framework to balance emission reduction interventions with biodiversity co-benefit targets. We discuss how such a regulatory framework might function, and caution that pursuing emission reduction strategies without such a framework may undermine, not enhance, long-term prospects for biodiversity conservation in the tropics.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number7
    Number of pages9
    JournalCarbon Balance and Management
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2010

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Global and Planetary Change
    • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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