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Sand storms have become a growing global environmental issue and there is an urgent need to explore cost-effective green technologies to stabilize the sands of desert regions. In this study, the performance of a ureolytic Bacillus sp. for stabilization of sands was evaluated. The Bacillus sp. could efficiently consolidate sand particles by hydrolysis of urea and the subsequent production of calcite and aragonite minerals. The biostabilized sands had a high resistance to erosion by a 33 m s−1 wind speed even after 12-d exposure to freeze-thaw cycles. The compressive strength of biostabilized sands was dependent on the applied cell density and concentrations of Ca2+ and urea. High cell densities, urea and Ca2+ concentrations reduced the compressive strength. The optimal cell density, Ca2+ and urea concentrations were OD600 0.4, 15 mM and 20 g L−1, respectively, when performance and cost were considered. This study shows that biostabilization of sand based on microbially induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) has potential for the prevention of sand storms and wind erosion of soil.
- Microbial carbonate precipitation
- Sand storm
- Ureolytic bacteria
- Wind erosion
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- 2 Finished
COG3: The Geology, Geometallurgy and Geomicrobiology of Cobalt Resources Leading to New Product Streams (joint with Natural History Museum and Universities of Manchester, Bangor, Exeter, Loughborough and Southampton and Industrial Partner)
1/05/15 → 31/03/21