This chapter presents an analysis of elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1996 to 2014. The analysis shows that the way in which Bosnia and Herzegovina’s party system can be best described is as an ‘ethnocracy’, whereby representation and contestation is channeled through parties defined by ethnic divisions. Ethnic divisions in Bosnia are reflected across the whole party system which results in high levels of congruence across all type of elections for the same group of voters but very low levels of congruence across regions. Hence, Bosnia’s party system is poorly nationalized. The major parties play a key role at all levels of government but the particular combination of parties depends on the ethnic composition of each constituency.
|Title of host publication||Regional and National Elections in Eastern Europe|
|Subtitle of host publication||Territoriality of the Vote in Ten Countries|
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||Published - 14 Feb 2017|
Hulsey, J., & Stjepanović, D. (2017). Bosnia and Herzegovina: An Archetypical Example of an Ethnocracy. In Regional and National Elections in Eastern Europe: Territoriality of the Vote in Ten Countries (pp. 35-58). Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-51787-6_2