Objective: Does method of tumour volume measurement on MRI influence prediction of treatment outcome in patients with primary breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC)?
Method: The study comprised 136 women with biopsy-proven breast cancer scheduled for MRI monitoring during NAC treatment. Dynamic contrast-enhanced images were acquired at baseline (pre-NAC) and interim (post 3 NAC cycles) timepoints. Functional tumour volumes (FTV), automatically derived using vendor software and enhancing tumour volumes (ETV), user-derived using a semi-automated thresholding technique, were calculated at each timepoint and percentage changes calculated. Response, assessed using residual cancer burden (RCB) score on surgically resected specimens, was compared statistically with volumetric changes and ROC analysis performed.
Results: Mean volumetric differences for each RCB response category were (FTV/ETV): pCR 95.5/96.8%, RCB-I 69.8/66.7%, RCB-II 64.0/65.5%, RCB-III 25.4/24.0%. Differences were significant between pCR and RCB-II/RCB-III categories (p < 0.040; unpaired t-test) using FTV measures and between pCR and RCB-I/RCB-II/RCB-III categories (p < 0.006; unpaired t-test) when ETV was used. ROC analysis for pCR identification post-NAC yielded area under the curve for FTV/ETV of 0.834/0.920 respectively. Sensitivity and specificity for FTV was 80.0 and 76.8% for FTV and 81.0 and 91.8% for ETV.
Conclusion: ETV changes can identify patients likely to achieve a complete response to NAC. Potentially, this could impact patient management regarding the possible avoidance of post-NAC surgery. Advances in Knowledge: Interim changes in ETV are more useful than FTV in predicting final pathological response to NAC. ETV differentiates patients who will achieve a complete response from those who will have residual disease.
- Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
- Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
- Contrast Media
- Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
- Epirubicin/administration & dosage
- Fluorouracil/administration & dosage
- Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
- Middle Aged
- Neoadjuvant Therapy
- Organometallic Compounds
- Predictive Value of Tests
- Reproducibility of Results
- Retrospective Studies
- Taxoids/administration & dosage
- Trastuzumab/administration & dosage
- Treatment Outcome
- Tumor Burden