Can foot angle influence the risk of injury to the lower limb joints during a field hockey hit?

Frances E. Feeley, Graham P. Arnold, Sadiq Nasir, Weijie W. Wang, Rami Abboud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Downloads (Pure)


Objectives: The lower limb is widely reported as the most commonly injured body part in the field of hockey, more specifically lateral ankle sprains and internal knee injury. Despite this, there remains limited understanding of how the biomechanics of the sport could be adapted to minimise injury. The aim of this study was to propose a foot position during the hockey hit that results in the smallest joint angles and moments, from a total of four different foot positions: 0°, 30°, 60° and 90°, which may correlate to injury risk.

Method: Eighteen players from the local University Ladies Hockey Club participated in this study. Each player was required to perform a hit with their lead foot in four different positions: 0°, 30°, 60° and 90°, where 0° was a lead foot position perpendicular to the direction of motion of the ball. Angles and moments were calculated with the Vicon system using force plates and motion analysis.

Results: Significant differences (p<0.05) were found between the angles and moments of the four foot positions tested, indicating that foot angle can influence the degree of angulation, and moments, produced in the lower limb joints during the hockey hit.

Conclusion: There is a relationship between lead foot position and the angles and moments produced in the lower limb joints during the hockey hit, and this may correlate with injury risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere000568
Pages (from-to)e000568
Number of pages12
JournalBMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine
Issue number1
Early online date30 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2019



  • ankle
  • biomechanics
  • hockey
  • injury
  • knee

Cite this