Bone is the third most common site of metastatic disease, after liver and lung, with approximately 75% of these patients suffering from related pain. Cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) is a major clinical problem, with limited options for predictable, rapid, and effective treatment for some of the elements without unacceptable adverse effects. Our understanding of how current therapy acts is based mainly on studies in non-cancer pain syndromes, which are likely to be quite different, not only in clinical presentation, but also in terms of pathophysiology. It can be difficult to study the specific neurobiological changes associated with CIBP, although development of laboratory models of isolated bone metastases has allowed more specific study of pain mechanisms in this syndrome. In order to evaluate our current therapies properly and direct the development of new therapies logically, it is important to understand the underlying mechanisms of CIBP. This chapter discusses pain processing and the mechanisms and management of CIBP.
|Title of host publication||Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine|
|Editors||Nathan Cherny, Marie Fallon, Stein Kaasa, Russell K. Portenoy, David C. Currow|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2015|