Carrier transport in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite single crystals studied by dark current, steady state and transient photocurrent measurements

Stephen Reynolds, Anthony Houghton, David Keeble

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Abstract

Electronic transport properties of methylammonium lead iodide perovskite single crystals prepared by inverse temperature crystallisation have been investigated using dark current, steady state and transient photocurrent measurements. Above 250 K the dark conductivity at electric fields below 100 V/cm is thermally activated, with single activation energy 0.7 eV and magnitude 4×10 -8 S/cm at 300 K. At higher electric fields, conductivity increases as a power law suggesting space charge limitation. Steady state photoconductivity exhibits a roughly linear dependence on photon flux below 10 15 cm -2 s -1 and square root dependence above this, consistent with trap-limited and band-to-band recombination mechanisms respectively. Photocurrent overshoot and undershoot on a timescale of 10-100 s are observed on application and removal of a steady light source. Transient photocurrent measurements with temperature reveal a peak in the localised density of states 0.26 eV into the band gap, with an attempt to escape frequency of 10 11 s -1 . Deeper states are distributed exponentially with characteristic energy 54 meV, decreasing towards mid-gap.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012035
Pages (from-to)012035
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1186
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2019
Event20th International School of Condensed Matter Physics: Physics and Applications of Аdvanced and Multifunctional Materials - Hotel Joliot Curie, Varna, Bulgaria
Duration: 3 Sep 20187 Sep 2018
http://iscmp.issp.bas.bg/index.php

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dark current
iodides
photocurrents
single crystals
conductivity
electric fields
photoconductivity
escape
space charge
light sources
transport properties
traps
crystallization
activation energy
temperature
photons
electronics
energy

Cite this

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title = "Carrier transport in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite single crystals studied by dark current, steady state and transient photocurrent measurements",
abstract = "Electronic transport properties of methylammonium lead iodide perovskite single crystals prepared by inverse temperature crystallisation have been investigated using dark current, steady state and transient photocurrent measurements. Above 250 K the dark conductivity at electric fields below 100 V/cm is thermally activated, with single activation energy 0.7 eV and magnitude 4×10 -8 S/cm at 300 K. At higher electric fields, conductivity increases as a power law suggesting space charge limitation. Steady state photoconductivity exhibits a roughly linear dependence on photon flux below 10 15 cm -2 s -1 and square root dependence above this, consistent with trap-limited and band-to-band recombination mechanisms respectively. Photocurrent overshoot and undershoot on a timescale of 10-100 s are observed on application and removal of a steady light source. Transient photocurrent measurements with temperature reveal a peak in the localised density of states 0.26 eV into the band gap, with an attempt to escape frequency of 10 11 s -1 . Deeper states are distributed exponentially with characteristic energy 54 meV, decreasing towards mid-gap.",
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T1 - Carrier transport in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite single crystals studied by dark current, steady state and transient photocurrent measurements

AU - Reynolds, Stephen

AU - Houghton, Anthony

AU - Keeble, David

PY - 2019/4/4

Y1 - 2019/4/4

N2 - Electronic transport properties of methylammonium lead iodide perovskite single crystals prepared by inverse temperature crystallisation have been investigated using dark current, steady state and transient photocurrent measurements. Above 250 K the dark conductivity at electric fields below 100 V/cm is thermally activated, with single activation energy 0.7 eV and magnitude 4×10 -8 S/cm at 300 K. At higher electric fields, conductivity increases as a power law suggesting space charge limitation. Steady state photoconductivity exhibits a roughly linear dependence on photon flux below 10 15 cm -2 s -1 and square root dependence above this, consistent with trap-limited and band-to-band recombination mechanisms respectively. Photocurrent overshoot and undershoot on a timescale of 10-100 s are observed on application and removal of a steady light source. Transient photocurrent measurements with temperature reveal a peak in the localised density of states 0.26 eV into the band gap, with an attempt to escape frequency of 10 11 s -1 . Deeper states are distributed exponentially with characteristic energy 54 meV, decreasing towards mid-gap.

AB - Electronic transport properties of methylammonium lead iodide perovskite single crystals prepared by inverse temperature crystallisation have been investigated using dark current, steady state and transient photocurrent measurements. Above 250 K the dark conductivity at electric fields below 100 V/cm is thermally activated, with single activation energy 0.7 eV and magnitude 4×10 -8 S/cm at 300 K. At higher electric fields, conductivity increases as a power law suggesting space charge limitation. Steady state photoconductivity exhibits a roughly linear dependence on photon flux below 10 15 cm -2 s -1 and square root dependence above this, consistent with trap-limited and band-to-band recombination mechanisms respectively. Photocurrent overshoot and undershoot on a timescale of 10-100 s are observed on application and removal of a steady light source. Transient photocurrent measurements with temperature reveal a peak in the localised density of states 0.26 eV into the band gap, with an attempt to escape frequency of 10 11 s -1 . Deeper states are distributed exponentially with characteristic energy 54 meV, decreasing towards mid-gap.

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